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What Are Cardiometabolic Diseases?

Cardiometabolic diseases are a group of noncommunicable chronic diseases, or chronic diseases that are not spread through infectious means but caused by lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors. They are one of the leading causes of premature death worldwide. These include type 2 diabetes mellitus, stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension (ie, high blood pressure), and other cardiovascular diseases.

Overcoming Weight Loss Plateaus

Weight loss plateau refers to a period when little to no weight loss occurs after achieving initial weight loss in a hypocaloric diet. Almost everyone undergoing a weight loss intervention experiences weight loss plateau typically at 6 months into dieting.

What Is Hyperinsulinemia?

Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreatic b-cells and is responsible for regulating glucose homeostasis. Under normal conditions, pancreatic b-cells secrete insulin in response to increasing blood glucose levels. By predominantly acting on muscle, liver, and adipose tissues, insulin allows the glucose molecules to be taken up, stored, and utilized as energy sources.

What Is Secondary Hypertension?

Most cases of hypertension, or high blood pressure, have no identifiable cause and are referred to as primary hypertension. However, in about 5-10% of adults with hypertension, an identifiable and potentially curable cause can be found. Hypertension with an identifiable cause is referred to as secondary hypertension.

How Does Obesity Affect Fertility?

Obesity is a chronic disease that is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30 kg/m2 and is one of the leading causes of death and illnesses worldwide. In addition to its detrimental effects on metabolic health, studies have consistently shown that obesity adversely impacts reproductive health in both women and men.