Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreatic b-cells and is responsible for regulating glucose homeostasis. Under normal conditions, pancreatic b-cells secrete insulin in response to increasing blood glucose levels. By predominantly acting on muscle, liver, and adipose tissues, insulin allows the glucose molecules to be taken up, stored, and utilized as energy sources.
Most cases of hypertension, or high blood pressure, have no identifiable cause and are referred to as primary hypertension. However, in about 5-10% of adults with hypertension, an identifiable and potentially curable cause can be found. Hypertension with an identifiable cause is referred to as secondary hypertension.
Obesity is a chronic disease that is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of greater than 30 kg/m2 and is one of the leading causes of death and illnesses worldwide. In addition to its detrimental effects on metabolic health, studies have consistently shown that obesity adversely impacts reproductive health in both women and men.
Blood pressure and kidney health are intimately related to one another. It is thought that high blood pressure, or hypertension, and kidney function have a two-way relationship: hypertension can cause decline in kidney function, but kidney disease can also cause hypertension.
Natural Ways to Lower Blood Pressure Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is known to be one of the leading causes of cardiovascular (ie, heart and blood vessel-related) disease (CVD) and death.1–3 Although various medications are available for hypertension management, making lifestyle changes is considered one of the most important ways to manage blood pressure. The 2020 Global...