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What Is Metabolically Healthy Obesity?

Obesity is a chronic metabolic illness defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 kg/m2.1 It is one of the leading causes of illnesses and deaths worldwide,2 associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD; disease of the heart and blood vessels), liver disease, and certain types of cancers.3 However, recent studies show an interesting finding where a subgroup of those with obesity do not carry...

Diabetes Tests

Diabetes can be diagnosed using tests that measure the body’s response to the presence or absence of glucose. The diagnostic tests approved for diabetes include the following: fasting plasma glucose value, 2-hour glucose value during a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, hemoglobin A1C criteria, or random glucose value with either hyperglycemic crises or hyperglycemic symptoms.

What Is Impaired Glucose Tolerance?

Glucose tolerance tests are performed to determine whether the body is able to use and store glucose properly. Normal plasma glucose level is under 140 mg/dL after two hours of drinking a glucose solution, meaning less than 140 mg (ie, milligram is 1/1000 gram) of glucose is present in a deciliter (ie, deciliter is 1/10 liter) of blood....

What Is Impaired Fasting Glucose?

What Is Fasting Plasma Glucose? Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) refers to blood glucose levels measured after a defined period of fasting.1 Average FPG usually ranges between 80-90 mg/dL, meaning 80-90 milligram (ie, milligram is 1/1000 gram) of glucose present in a deciliter (ie, deciliter is 1/10 liter) of blood.2 Measuring FPG levels is one of the diagnostic...

What Is Blood Glucose?

Glucose is a type of monosaccharide, the simplest form of carbohydrate. It consists of 6 carbon, 12 hydrogen, and 6 oxygen molecules, with the chemical formula of C6H12O6. Importantly, it is the universal source of energy.