According to CDC, more than 34 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Despite its prevalence, type 2 diabetes can go unnoticed for a long time until its symptoms develop over the years (CDC, 2019).
Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes develops over time and can affect even children, teens, and young adults. Those with type 2 diabetes are said to have insulin resistance which is defined as your body’s inability to respond to insulin. More specifically, insulin resistance occurs when your cells do not respond well to insulin and cannot take up glucose in your bloodstream, causing your glucose levels to rise (NIDDK, 2018).
Crucially, it is important to identify any risk factors that could lead to type 2 diabetes and adjust your lifestyle accordingly. Similar to type 2 diabetes, prediabetes is a serious health condition where your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but are not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes (CDC, 2020). If not identified and controlled in the early stages, prediabetes can result in type 2 diabetes and other serious health problems. While prediabetes puts you at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, you can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes and other health problems with changes to lifestyle and correct management of your blood glucose levels.
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