How does diabetes affect the brain?

In a recent study, researchers found that diabetes, which has many underlying health risks, can also affect brain health. The study observed brain and cognitive differences between children with Type 1 diabetes and those without. They wanted to find out if brain health of children with diabetes worsens over time compared to those without diabetes and if this is associated with hyperglycemia (Mauras et al., 2021).

In the study, 140 Type 1 diabetic children between ages 6 and 12 and 72 age-matched non-diabetic children participated. They measured the children’s brain health using MRI and cognitive testing. Results showed that the diabetic children had lower IQs and this cognitive difference persisted or increased over time. They also found that cognitive scores were lower for diabetic children with higher blood glucose levels.

What does this mean? The study results highlight the negative effects of diabetes on children’s brain growth and how cognitive differences between diabetic and non-diabetic children are associated with hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). These results underline the importance of proper blood sugar management in children. Although you cannot cure diabetes, you can keep your blood sugar levels in range by checking your blood glucose levels and taking the needed about of insulin.

Given that brain development occurs more rapidly in children, it is important to take care of your children’s brain health from a young age.

References:

-Mauras, N., Buckingham, B., White, N., Tsalikian, E., Weinzimer, S., Jo, B., . . . For the Diabetes Research in Children Network (DirecNet). (2021, January 29). Impact of type 1 diabetes in the developing brain in children: A longitudinal study. Retrieved March 09, 2021, from https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2021/01/28/dc20-2125

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The content of this article is intended to provide a general information and knowledge on the subject matter. The views expressed in newsletters, articles, and blogs in the i-SENS USA website are not necessarily those of i-SENS Incorporated, i-SENS USA Incorporated or our publishers. Medical or nutritional information on i-SENS USA website is not intended to replace professional medical advice – you should always consult a specialist with any questions about your specific circumstances.

Published On: April 6th, 2021 /

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